Literature Review

Multimodal Level of Service (MMLOS) Preliminary Literature Review

Multimodal Level of Service (MMLOS) analysis aims to provide the necessary tools for assessing the performance
of all travel modes, thus allowing the consideration of tradeoffs between different road users. Traditionally,
transportation planning has focused on maximizing automobile level of service.

The purpose of this memorandum is to provide an overview of the current state of practice of MMLOS analysis,
and potential implementation in Ontario. The main method of data collection was a web-based literature review,
including national and municipal guidelines and academic research on the topic. The literature review was
informed by the following guideline in use by Peel Region Health: “Optimizing the Identification of Grey Literature:
A Rapid Review” (2018).